Microanalysis

Microanalysis is that area of analytical chemistry that uses microscopes or microprobe-based instrumentation for chemical analysis. There are numerous microanalytical techniques available for materials characterization. The most versatile instruments for solving manufacturing problems are described below.

Light microscopy
Stereomicroscopy
Polarized Light Microscopy

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
Secondary electron imaging
Backscattered electron imaging
Automated SEM

X-ray microanalysis
Spectroscopy
Imaging

Infrared (IR) microanalysis
Transmission IR
Reflectance IR
Attenuated-total-reflectance (ATR)

Infrared Spectroscopy

Image analysis

Photomicrography